Sable car GAZ-2752, 2217, 2310>> Governing bodies and devices>> Safety measures at repair
Safety measures at repair
The room where repair work is carried out, should be aired well, a door – it is easy to open both from within, and outside. Pass to an exit always hold the free.
At operation of the engine (especially on warming up modes) poisonous oxide of carbon (WITH, carbon monoxide), not having color and a smell is allocated. To poison with it it is possible even in open garage therefore before start-up of the engine provide removal of the fulfilled gases out of garage limits, for example, a hose, having put on it an exhaust pipe. In the absence of a compulsory extract to start up the engine it is possible only for short time. Thus the system of release and its connection with a hose should be tight!
At repair of a power supply system of the engine be careful: gasoline can get on a hot final collector and cause a fire. Do not include (and do not switch off) car electrodevices if gasoline nearby spilled – the slipped spark (even at the disconnected storage battery) can cause explosion.
During welding works hold near at hand a bucket with water, the fire extinguisher (it is better uglekislotny). Before it disconnect all electronic control units and the storage battery from an onboard network of the car, and contact of "weight" of a welding wire have as it is possible closer to a welding place. Track that the current did not pass through mobile (bearings, spherical support) or carving connections – they can be damaged.
At repair of chains of electric equipment or at risk of their damage (welding, a rikhtovka near plaits of wires) disconnect the storage battery.
Serving ignition system, do not concern high-voltage wires on the working engine or at its start-up and do not check ignition system «on a spark».
That in operating time not to injure a hand, put on gloves (better leather). For protection of eyes put on special points with lateral guards.
Electrowelding works carry out in dense clothes (better canvas), having clasped sleeves and a collar.
At work with the detachable machine or sharpening of the cutting tool on the tool-grinding machine provide reliable fastening and a protection of an abrasive circle (disk). Surely use transparent screens and special points. Watch that sparks at operation of the electroabrasive tool did not get on inflammable liquids and combustible materials (rags, paper, etc.).
Whenever possible use podkatny hydraulic jacks instead of the regular – they are steadier and reliable. Do not apply the faulty tool: rozhkovy naturals the "revealed" pharynx or the crumpled sponges, screw-drivers with the rounded, braided shliyets or incorrectly ground, пассатижи with badly fixed plastic handles, hammers with the unrecorded handle, etc.
When posting car (on a jack or the lift) never are under it. Previously be convinced that the corresponding power elements of a frame are rather strong. Use for car lifting only regular points of support. It is forbidden to hang out the car on two or more jacks – use serviceable supports of industrial manufacturing ("tripod") and a reliable emphasis under wheels.
It is forbidden to load or unload the car standing on a jack, to sit down in it, to remove or establish the engine if under the car there are people. At car repairs with the removed engine or the bridge consider that the razvesovka on axes changed. When posting on a jack such car can fall. Work only at an equal nonslipping platform, under not hung out wheels enclose a reliable emphasis.
The oils which have been especially fulfilled, at regular contact to them promote emergence of skin diseases, including oncological. At oil hit on hands wipe them rags, and then wipe a special preparation for cleaning of hands (or sunflower oil) and wash up warm water with soap or means for ware washing. It is impossible to wash hands with hot water since thus harmful substances easily get through skin. At hit on hands of gasoline, kerosene or diesel fuel wipe them pure rags, and then wash up with soap.
In cooling liquid (antifreeze) contains этиленгликоль which is poisonous at hit in an organism and (to a lesser extent) at contact to skin. At poisoning with antifreeze it is necessary to cause immediately vomiting, to wash out a stomach, and at a serious poisoning, having accepted laxative, to address to the doctor. At hit on hands – to wash away a large amount of water with soap. The same treats and brake liquid.
The electrolit at hit on skin causes its reddening, burning. If the electrolit got on hands or to eyes, wash away it a large amount of cold water (it is impossible to wash with soap!), then hands should be washed up solution of baking soda or liquid ammonia.
Remember that sulfuric acid even in small concentration destroys organic fibers – protect clothes. At work with the storage battery (the electrolit almost always is present and its surfaces) surely put on points and protective clothes, including rubber gloves.
Do not open a stopper of system of cooling on the hot engine.
During painting works and the subsequent drying it is necessary to provide intensive ventilation of a room. It is forbidden to use an open flame in order to avoid explosion паров solvent.
Gasoline, diesel fuel, oils, brake liquid are not processed almost by a natural way. Brake liquid contains poisonous glikolevy air; oils – fulfilled mineral and organic additives, soot, pitches, wear products. Lead accumulators, besides lead, contain antimony and other elements forming highly toxic connections for live organisms, long remaining in the soil. Leave fulfilled materials in utilization points.
Do not use the compressed air at dust removal from details of brakes and coupling, it is toxic. Use the vacuum cleaner or damp rags.