Sable car GAZ-2752, 2217, 2310>> Diagnostics of malfunctions>> Kardanny transfer, the back bridge, running gear, steering (except the hydraulic booster) and brake system

Kardanny transfer, the back bridge, running gear, steering (except the hydraulic booster) and brake system

In this section malfunctions of other systems with similar signs are also noted. They are designated by a symbol *

Cause of defect

Elimination method

Knock at a troganiye

Wear of shlitsevy connections or driveshaft hinges, fastening of an intermediate support to an arm or an arm to a frame weakened

Replace worn-out kardanny hinges or the driveshaft assembled, tighten support fastening

Big gap in gearing of gear wheels of the main transfer, their teeths are worn-out

Adjust a lateral gap in gearing of gear wheels. Worn-out gear wheels replace (pair)

The gap in gearing of gear wheels of the main transfer because of an insufficient inhaling of a nut of a shaft is broken

Tighten a nut the recommended moment and зашплинтуйте

The inhaling of nuts of fastening of a wheel weakened

Tighten nuts the recommended moment

Brake shoes stuck or froze to a drum

Do not use the parking brake at long parking of the car, include transfer

Otsloyeniye of a brake slip from the block basis

Replace a block (better at the same time all on one axis)

*neispravno coupling

See. Coupling

*Потеряли elasticity or pillows of support of the power unit collapsed

Replace pillows of support

Noise at car movement on the equal highway

There is no (not enough) oil in a reducer of the back bridge

Add oil level to norm

Bearings of a reducer of the back bridge are worn-out, their pretightness is broken, landing (uniform noise weakened from the back bridge)

Replace worn-out bearings, adjust a pretightness (see. Zadny Bridge)

Teeths of gear wheels of the main transfer are worn-out, the lateral gap in gearing is broken, teases on teeths — howl from the back bridge, decreasing or disappearing at decrease in loading (an otpuskaniye of a pedal of "gas")

Replace worn-out gear wheels (pair), adjust a lateral gap (see. Zadny Bridge)

Weakened fastening of a conducted gear wheel to the differential case (gear wheel palpation)

Tighten carving connection (using hermetic for carvings), worn-out gear wheels replace (pair)

Wear of bearings of naves of lobbies or back wheels

Replace bearings, adjust their pretightness

The bearing of an intermediate support is worn-out

Replace the bearing

Imbalance of kardanny transfer, palpation of a secondary shaft of a transmission or flange of a reducer of the back bridge

Replace worn-out details, kardanny transfer replace or отбалансируйте with HUNDRED

Tires are not intended for these service conditions (on asphalt "cross-country", shipovanny tires, etc. are used)

Use tires according to their appointment

Non-uniform wear or protector otsloyeniye, deformation of the tire, rim

Replace the tire or a wheel

The wheel touches a podkrylok (especially on the loaded car)

Check and adjust corners of installation of wheels, replace the deformed details of the suspension bracket, the given springs. Do not overload the car

Details of brake mechanisms touch a brake disk/drum

Replace a disk. Disassemble knot, faulty details replace

The inhaling of a nut of fastening of a wheel weakened

Tighten nuts

Otsloyeniye of a brake slip from the block basis

Replace a block (better at the same time all on one axis)

* Malfunctions of the engine, coupling, transmission

See. Engine and its systems, Coupling, Transmission.

Knocks, scratches at movement on off road terrain

The car is overloaded

Do not overload the car. Distribute cargo evenly

Shock-absorbers are faulty, weakened their fastenings, rubber pillows wore out

Replace the shock-absorber (better at the same time both on one axis), tighten fastening, replace rubber pillows

Wear of hinges of a suspension bracket

Replace hinges

Weakening of fastening of nuts of fingers of hinges of a suspension bracket

Tighten nuts

Destruction of the buffer of a forward suspension bracket or additional buffer of the back

Replace the buffer (bufer)

Deposit or breakage of a spring (spring) of a suspension bracket

Replace a spring (spring), better at once both

Spherical support are worn-out

Replace support

Rubber plugs of springs are worn-out or destroyed

Replace plugs

Weakened fastening of the back bridge to springs and springs to a frame

Tighten nuts of step-ladders and bolts of springs

Weakened fastening of a steering wheel on a shaft, a steering column to an arm, the steering mechanism

Tighten carving connections

Knock in the steering mechanism: strong wear, is not adjusted a gap in gearing and bearings, there is no oil in a case of the steering mechanism

Replace worn-out details, adjust a gap in gearing and bearings, add oil

Weakened or collapsed details of a suspension bracket of final system

Establish new details

*Потеряли elasticity or support of the power unit collapsed

Replace support

Hinges of steering drafts are worn-out

Replace hinges or drafts

Noise in the back bridge at turns of the car or at pro-slipping of one of driving wheels

Teeths of satellites or semi-axial gear wheels, strong wear of details of differential are worn-out or broken

Adjust an axial gap of the semi-axial gear wheels, strongly worn-out or broken details replace

Wear of bearings of back wheels

Replace bearings

Knock at car turns

The inhaling of nuts of fastening of wheels weakened

Tighten nuts

Raised axial люфт wheels (strong wear of bearings or weakening of adjusting nuts)

Tighten a nut of a nave of a wheel, if necessary replace bearings

Breakage of a spring of a suspension bracket

Replace a spring (better at once both)

Spherical support of a suspension bracket are worn-out

Replace support

Weakened fastening of fingers of spherical support of a suspension bracket

Tighten and fix nuts

Rubber plugs of springs are worn-out or destroyed

Replace plugs

Weakened bridge fastening (ов)

Tighten carving connections

Weakened fastening of a steering column to an arm, the steering mechanism to an arm or an arm to a frame

Tighten carving connections

Are worn-out сайлентблоки suspension bracket levers

Replace сайлентблоки

Weakened fastening of a bar of the stabilizer to a frame

Tighten fastening

The shock-absorber is faulty

Replace the shock-absorber

Rubber pillows and (or) the shock-absorber hinge are weakened or worn-out

Tighten carving connections or replace worn-out details

Deposit or breakage of a spring of a suspension bracket

Replace a spring

The raised gap in bearings of naves of wheels

Adjust a gap or replace bearings

Knock in the steering mechanism: strong wear of details, is not adjusted a gap in gearing and bearings, there is no oil in a case of the steering mechanism

Replace worn-out details, adjust the mechanism and add oil

Vibration at car movement

The increased imbalance of forward wheels, deformation of the tire or its non-uniform wear, protector otsloyeniye, deformation of a forward wheel (the steering wheel vibrates)

Otbalansiruyte the wheels deformed or with non-uniform wear of the tire, the deformed wheels — replace

Strong imbalance of back wheels, deformation of the tire or its non-uniform wear, wheel deformation (vibration of a back of the car)

Otbalansiruyte the wheels deformed or with non-uniform wear of the tire, the deformed wheels — replace

Deformation of driveshafts, loss balancing грузиков (privarny plates)

Repair shaft with the subsequent dynamic balancing or replace

Big axial люфт crosspieces in the kardanny hinge, loss of a lock ring from a hinge fork

Check existence of lock rings in pro-points of forks, axial moving of a crosspiece. Adjust люфт, worn-out details replace

Weakened driveshaft fastening to a flange of a leading gear wheel of a reducer of the back bridge, flange deformation

Tighten the bolts, the deformed flange replace

Weakened fastening of an intermediate support to an arm or an arm to a frame

Tighten fastenings

Palpation of a secondary shaft of a transmission: shaft deformation, wear of the plug in a transmission case

Replace the worn-out plug, the deformed secondary shaft

Tires are not intended for these service conditions (on the highway "cross-country", shipovanny tires, etc. are used)

Use tires according to their appointment

Being self-raised angular fluctuation of forward wheels

Spherical hinges of a suspension bracket and (or) a steering are worn-out

Replace hinges

Weakened fastening of fingers of spherical hinges of a suspension bracket and (or) a steering

Tighten nuts

Are worn-out сайлентблоки suspension bracket levers

Replace сайлентблоки

The raised gap in bearings of naves of wheels

Adjust a gap or replace bearings

The raised imbalance of wheels

Dynamically отбалансируйте wheels

The wheel is deformed

Replace a wheel

Pressure of air in tires does not correspond to norm

Finish pressure to norm

Corners of installation of forward wheels are broken

Adjust corners of installation of wheels

The cord of tires, big difference in wear of tires is deformed

Replace tires

The increased gap in bearings of naves of wheels

Adjust bearings

Car rocking in movement

The shock-absorber (ы) is faulty

Replace the shock-absorber (ы) (better at once both on one axis)

Vibration when braking

Deformation of a brake disk

Replace a disk (better both)

Raised axial люфт wheels (big wear of bearings of forward wheels or weakening of an inhaling of a nut of a nave)

Tighten a nut of bearings of a wheel, if necessary replace bearings

Deformation of a brake drum

Replace a drum (better both)

The piston in the cylinder of a back wheel is jammed

Replace the cylinder

The overlay of a brake shoe exfoliated from the basis

Replace a block (better at the same time all on one axis)

The coupling spring of brake shoes weakened or is broken

Replace a spring

Scratch, squeal when braking

Limiting wear of brake slips

Replace brake shoes (better at the same time all on one axis)

Introduction in a material of an overlay of alien particles (sand)

As a rule, does not demand intervention (it is possible to clear slips a metal brush)

Poor quality of a material of a slip

Replace a block (better at the same time all on one axis)

Strong corrosion of a brake disk (because of poor quality of a material of a disk and/or a slip)

Proshlifuyte (pierce) or replace a disk

The overlay of a brake shoe exfoliated from the basis

Replace a block (better at the same time all on one axis)

The coupling spring of back brake shoes weakened or is broken

Replace a spring

Braking with blocking of wheels Not «перетормаживайте», apply the tires corresponding to traffic conditions
The increased course of a pedal of a brake (the pedal "soft" or "fails")

Air in brake system, leakage of brake liquid through thinnesses of connections of a hydraulic actuator, damage of cuffs to the main brake cylinder, a pressure regulator, damage of brake tubes and hoses

Examine all highways, their carving connections and cylinders, eliminate a leakage. Restore normal level of liquid in a brake tank and pump over system. At detection of damages of brake hoses (cracks, swellings or traces of brake liquid) replace hoses. At suspicion on defects in the main cylinder replace it with the obviously serviceable

Rubber cuffs of cylinders because of hit in brake liquid of oil, gasoline, etc. inflated.

Replace cuffs, hoses, completely merge brake liquid, wash system fresh liquid and pump over

Overheat of brake mechanisms

Let's cool down to brakes. Check free rotation of brake disks and drums. Apply in system only brake liquids recommended by plant. In time replace brake liquid

The gap between blocks and a drum (the device of automatic control of a gap does not work) is increased

Replace the working cylinder of the brake mechanism of a back wheel, pump over system

Raised (more than 0,25 mm on edge) palpation of a brake disk

Replace a disk

One of contours of working brake system does not work

Eliminate leakage of liquid from brake system, pump over system

The course of a pedal of a brake within norm (a pedal "rigid"), but the car brakes badly

Zamaslivaniye of brake disks, drums, slips

Greasy disks and drums clear, blocks replace. It is strictly forbidden to clear blocks solvent! Eliminate the zamaslivaniye reason (replace a semi-axis cuff)

On a surface of slips the ice or hydrochloric crust was formed (winter); slips became wet

In a start of motion on small speed check brakes. During a rain and after journey of deep pools dry brakes in easy pressing a pedal

Poor quality of a material of slips

Replace blocks (better at the same time all on one axis)

Obstruction of brake highways: tubes (because of dents) or hoses (because of swelling or rubber stratification)

Replace the damaged tubes and hoses

Piston jamming in the cylinder, directing fingers of a bracket

Replace the cylinder, clear directing fingers, before installation grease them Litolom-24 or the CV JOINT-4

Wear-out of brake slips (gnash of brakes)

Replace brake shoes (better at the same time all on one axis)

The overlay of a brake shoe exfoliated from the basis

Replace a block (better at the same time all on one axis)

The drive of a regulator of pressure is incorrectly adjusted

Adjust a drive

The pressure regulator is faulty

Replace a regulator

The vacuum amplifier is faulty or the hose, the connecting amplifier with the inlet pipeline is not tight

Check integrity of a hose, its landing on unions, an inhaling of collars. For check of the amplifier stop the engine, press 5–8 times a pedal of a brake and, holding a pedal pressed, start up the engine. At the serviceable amplifier after engine start-up the pedal should "leave" noticeably forward. The faulty amplifier replace

Incomplete rastormazhivaniye of all wheels

The wrong provision of an adjusting bolt concerning a cover of the vacuum amplifier

Adjust a bolt vystupaniye

Rubber cuffs of cylinders because of hit in brake liquid of oil, gasoline, etc. inflated.

Replace cylinders, hoses, completely merge brake liquid, wash out system fresh liquid and pump over

Compensatory openings of the main brake cylinder are littered

Clean openings

The piston of the main cylinder (because of corrosion, breakage of returnable springs, hit in liquid of mechanical impurity) is jammed

Replace faulty details or the main cylinder, replace liquid, pump over system

Jamming of a pedal of a brake: the returnable spring is broken or was extended, are strongly worn-out or pedal plugs, axis corrosion are not greased

Replace a spring, plugs, put in them greasing Litol-24 or CV JOINT-4

Pritormazhivaniye of one of wheels at the released pedal of a brake

Jamming of the piston of the working cylinder of the brake mechanism

Replace the cylinder

Rubber cuffs of cylinders because of hit in brake liquid of oil, gasoline, etc. inflated.

Replace cylinders, hoses, completely merge brake liquid, wash out system fresh liquid and pump over

Obstruction of brake highways: tubes (because of dents) or hoses (because of swelling or rubber stratification

Replace the damaged tubes and hoses

Otsloyeniye of an overlay of a back brake shoe

Replace a block (better at the same time all on one axis)

The coupling spring of back brake shoes weakened or is broken

Replace a spring

Deformation of a rasporny level, distortion of blocks because of deformation of brake boards

Correct or replace a rasporny level, brake boards

The parking brake is drawn, cables are jammed in covers

Adjust a tension of cables, grease them with engine oil if the cover is damaged or cable delays are uncombed, and also at strong corrosion — replace them

Badly "holds" the parking brake

Wrong adjustment of a drive

Adjust a drive

Cables of a drive are jammed in covers

Grease cables with engine oil if the cover is damaged or cable delays are uncombed, and also at strong corrosion — replace details

Brake drums, slips are greasy

Greasy drums clear, blocks replace. It is strictly forbidden to clear blocks solvents! Eliminate the zamaslivaniye reason (replace a cuff of bearings of a nave)

On a surface of slips the ice or hydrochloric crust was formed (winter); slips became wet

In a start of motion on small speed check brakes. During a rain and after journey of deep pools dry brakes in easy pressing a pedal

Wear-out of brake slips (gnash of brakes)

Replace brake shoes (better at the same time all on one axis)

At an otpuskaniye of the lever of the parking brake of a wheel not растормаживаются

After long parking of the car of a block stuck (or froze) to a drum

Try to turn a wheel carefully (not to break brake slips). Check ease of moving of cables in covers, pistons in working cylinders, rigidity of returnable springs of cables of the parking brake and coupling springs of blocks. At car statement on long parking, whenever possible, do not use the parking brake, and include transfer

Wrong adjustment of a drive

Adjust a drive

Cables of a drive are jammed in covers

Grease cables with engine oil if the cover is damaged or cable delays are uncombed, and also at strong corrosion replace faulty details

Car withdrawal from rectilinear movement (on the equal road)

Unequal pressure of air in tires

Establish normal pressure

On a forward axis of the car tires with different degree of wear are established

Replace the worn-out tire

Corners of installation of forward wheels are broken

Adjust corners of installation of wheels

The cord of tires, big difference in wear of tires is deformed

Replace tires

Unequal dimensional group of springs of a suspension bracket (prosedaniye or breakage of one of springs)

Establish springs of one dimensional group

The gap in bearings of a nave of a wheel is increased

Adjust a gap

Details of a suspension bracket and/or car frame are deformed

Correct or replace the deformed details

Shift of a back axis because of breakage of a radical leaf of a spring or a center bolt

Replace a radical leaf (or a spring), a center bolt

Podtormazhivaniye of a wheel because of jamming of the piston of the wheel cylinder

Replace the cylinder

Podtormazhivaniye of a back wheel because of easing or breakage of a coupling spring of back brake shoes

Replace a spring

Obstruction of brake highways: tubes (because of dents) or hoses (because of swelling or rubber stratification)

Replace the damaged tubes and hoses

Withdrawal or car drift when braking

Jamming of the piston of the wheel cylinder

Replace the cylinder

Obstruction of brake highways: tubes (because of dents) or hoses (because of swelling or rubber stratification)

Replace the damaged tubes and hoses

Wheel jamming because of a slip otsloyeniye from the basis of a brake shoe

Replace a block (better at the same time all on one axis)

On a surface of slips the ice or hydrochloric crust was formed (winter); slips became wet

In a start of motion on small speed check brakes. During a rain and after journey of deep pools dry brakes in easy pressing a brake pedal

Different pressure of air in tires of the left and right wheels

Establish normal pressure

On the car tires with different degree of wear are established

Replace the worn-out tire

Deformation of a brake disk

Replace a disk (better with pair)

Ovality of a brake drum

Replace a drum

The convergence of wheels is broken

Adjust a convergence of wheels

Fast wear of a protector of tires

Starts with pro-slipping of wheels, braking «on юз», passing of turns with drift

Do not allow pro-slipping of wheels, reduce speed when passing turns

Pressure in tires differs from norm

Establish normal pressure

Corners of a convergence of forward wheels are broken

Adjust a convergence of wheels

Raised axial люфт wheels (big wear of bearings of wheels or weakening of fastening of nuts of naves)

Tighten a nut of a nave of a wheel, if necessary replace the bearing

Car overload

Do not overload the car

Non-uniform, spotty wear of protectors of tires

The raised imbalance of a wheel assembled with the tire

Otbalansiruyte of a wheel

Deformation of the tire, rim

Replace a wheel and the tire

Different pressure in tires

Establish normal pressure

The convergence of forward wheels is broken

Adjust a convergence of wheels

The fire (corner of a longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel) is broken

Adjust corners of installation of wheels

The shock-absorber and (or) details of its fastening is faulty

Replace the shock-absorber and (or) details of its fastening

Gaps in bearings of naves of wheels are increased

Adjust gaps

Palpation of a brake disk

Check disk palpation by the indicator. Replace a disk if palpation exceeds 0,15 mm.

Raised axial люфт wheels (big wear of bearings of a wheel or weakening of an inhaling of a nut of a nave)

Tighten a nut of a nave of a wheel, if necessary replace bearings

Wear of hinges, deformation of details of a suspension bracket

Replace hinges, correct or replace the deformed details of a suspension bracket

Люфт in a steering

Replace worn-out hinges, tighten carving connections, adjust gaps in the steering mechanism

Unilateral wear of tires of forward wheels

Adjustment of corners of installation of wheels is broken

Adjust corners of installation of wheels

Details of a suspension bracket and the steering trapeze, installations of wheels influencing corners are worn-out

Replace worn-out details

The increased free wheeling of a steering wheel

Big gaps in the steering mechanism

Adjust gaps, at damage of details replace them or the steering mechanism

The inhaling of nuts of hinges of steering drafts, wedges of kardanny forks weakened

Tighten nuts

The inhaling of bolts of fastening of a case of the steering mechanism to a frame arm weakened

Tighten bolts

Bearings and plugs of pendular levers are worn-out

Replace bearings and plugs

Hinges of steering drafts or spherical support of a suspension bracket are worn-out

Replace hinges, tips or drafts. Replace spherical support

Raised люфт bearings of naves of wheels

Adjust gaps in bearings of naves of wheels

Jamming, scratches or clicks in the steering mechanism

Excessive wear of the screw or shaft sector, vykrashivaniye or dents on their surface

Replace the steering mechanism

Weak fixing of a steering column

The mechanism of fixing of a column is weakened

Adjust the mechanism of fixing of a column

Leakage of oil from the steering mechanism

Wear or loss of elasticity of a cuff and consolidations of the steering mechanism

Replace worn out a cuff and rubber sealing rings

Люфт steering column

Axial moving of a shaft of a steering wheel concerning casings

Replace worn-out plugs of bearings of a shaft of a steering column

The steering wheel rotates hardly

The steering mechanism is incorrectly adjusted

Adjust the steering mechanism

Damage of details of the steering mechanism

Replace faulty details or the steering mechanism

Low pressure in tires of forward wheels

Establish normal pressure

The bottom nuts of axes of pendular levers are drawn, there is no greasing on their washers

Grease support of levers, adjust an inhaling of nuts

Bad накат car

Pritormazhivaniye of one or several wheels

See. Incomplete rastormazhivaniye of all wheels

Violation of a convergence of forward wheels

Adjust a convergence of wheels

Low pressure of air in tires

Establish normal pressure

In cases of a transmission and the back bridge oil of inappropriate viscosity is filled in

Replace oil on recommended in the maintenance instruction

Corners of installation of wheels do not give in to adjustment

Spherical hinges of a suspension bracket and steering, сайлентблоки suspension bracket levers are worn-out

Replace worn-out details

Leakage of oil from the back bridge

Cuffs of naves or a cuff of a leading gear wheel are damaged or worn-out

Replace cuffs

Teases, risks on surfaces of shaft on which cuffs, palpation of shaft work

Small damages smooth out a small skin and заполируйте. A new cuff it is possible a little (to 1 mm) недопрессовать (having enclosed if necessary a remote washer) that its edge worked by not worn-out part of a shaft. Faulty details replace

Elevated pressure in a case of the back bridge because of a contamination сапуна

Clean or replace сапун

Car rocking at movement, on the shock-absorber traces of working liquid are visible

Leakage of liquid from the shock-absorber (because of wear of consolidation of a rod, a sealing ring of the tank, забоин and damages of a chromic covering of a rod)

Insignificant "otpotevaniye" of the shock-absorber in the top part (if is not present потеков) when saving its characteristics is not malfunction. To check shock-absorbers it is possible at the special stand or having at least shaken the car. No more than 1-2 free fluctuations of the car are allowed. At considerable leakage of liquid and/or at loss of efficiency replace the shock-absorber